If Veda Vyasa wrote the vedas, then how is it possible for other Rishis to write the vedic hymns? If Veda Vyasa wrote the vedas then how is it possible that one is the oldest veda and the other newer? If Vedas existed since the beginning then how can Veda Vyasa or for that matter any seers write them? Here in this article we try to unravel this mystery about the vedas and try to obtain a picture as clear as possible. They gave the world meaning and life a purpose. These chants relieved Vedana, the yearning of the restless human soul, hence became collectively known as the Veda. Modern Science can tell us how the universe works to a large extent , but it cannot tell us WHY it works the way it does? It can tell us how life evolved.
Lecture 2. The Veda and the Testimonies to Its Early Existence.
On 14 March , Dr. As we do not have art objects or archaeological evidence, scholars have used philology to understand the language and the people of the Vedic times. He pointed out that the study of texts and their language and what it represents should be made clear. The geographic region described in the Vedas can be broadly surmised by the description of rivers given, to be between Kabul and Delhi of present day South Asia.
Witzel gave a broad overview of the four Vedas.
No definite date can be ascribed to the composition of the Vedas, but the period of about – bce is acceptable to most scholars. The hymns formed a.
The Vedas are considered the earliest literary record of Indo-Aryan civilization and the most sacred books of India. They are the original scriptures of Hindu teachings , containing spiritual knowledge encompassing all aspects of life. The word Veda means wisdom, knowledge or vision, and it serves to manifest the language of the gods in human speech.
The laws of the Vedas have regulated the social, legal, domestic and religious customs of Hindus up to the present day. All the obligatory duties of Hindus at birth, marriage, death etc. It is difficult to say when the earliest portions of the Vedas came into existence, but it seems clear they are among the very earliest written wisdom documents produced humans. As the ancient Hindus seldom kept any historical record of their religious, literary and political realization, it is difficult to determine the period of the Vedas with precision.
Historians provide us many guesses but none are guaranteed to be precise. Tradition has it that humans did not compose the revered compositions of the Vedas, but that God taught the Vedic hymns to the sages, who then handed them down through generations by word of mouth.
Structure of the Vedas
Indra of accuracy. A testimony to measure its existence with pre-harappan writing is the veda vidnyana mandala of the river had dried up around Examination of reconstructed dates older than that most important vritra.
Modern historians have adopted chiefly two methods to determine the date of the Vedas: the first is based on the astronomical references in the scriptures and.
This page is designed for the answering of questions you might have about Hinduism or Christianity, or the relationship between these two world views. View Translations in Telugu. Q: I have heard that the Veda”s are older than the Old Testament of the Bible and include stories similar to Noah and the flood, Abraham offering Isaac and being stopped by God among others and that the Hebrews had incorporated these stories into their scriptures.
A: The questions you have asked contain several things that are very often asked of Karma to Grace. For this reason we are taking extra time to give you an answer and also to post this on the FAQ page. Thank you for your excellent question. In fact, two of us Pundits have collaborated on giving you this answer.
Subscribe to RSS
Defining Engagement. The Engagement Grid. Audio Portraits. Map Index. After Class Questions.
The scientific dating of the Rāmāyaṇa & the Vedas [Vartaka, Padmākara Vishṇu] on Unknown Binding: pages; Publisher: Veda Vidnyana Mandala; 1st.
British Broadcasting Corporation Home. Hindus believe that the Vedas texts were received by scholars direct from God and passed on to the next generations by word of mouth. Hindus believe that the texts were received by scholars direct from God and passed on to the next generations by word of mouth. Vedic texts are sometimes called shruti , which means hearing.
For hundreds, maybe even thousands of years, the texts were passed on orally. The Vedas are made up of four compositions, and each veda in turn has four parts which are arranged chronologically. The Upanishads were so called because they were taught to those who sat down beside their teachers. These texts developed from the Vedic tradition, but largely reshaped Hinduism by providing believers with philosophical knowledge.
The major Upanishads were largely composed between BCE and are partly prose, partly verse. Later Upanishads continued to be composed right down to the 16th century. Originally they were in oral form. Whilst the priests brahmins had previously been the ones who, through ritual and sacrifice, had restricted access to the divine, now the knowledge of the universe was open to those of the high and middle castes willing to learn from a teacher.
An ancient social structure based upon one of the fables in the Vedas, castes persist in modern India. The oldest scriptures of Hinduism, originally passed down orally but then written in Vedic Sanskrit between and BCE. The Indo-Aryan Vedas remain the oldest scriptures of Hinduism, which is considered one of the oldest religions in the world. Vedic ritualism, a composite of ancient Indo-Aryan and Harappan culture, contributed to the deities and traditions of Hinduism over time.
There are four Vedas. The oldest Vedic texts are those of the Rig Veda, dating from about the ‘s B.C. These are mostly mythical poems to the great Vedic.
No definite date can be ascribed to the composition of the Vedas, but the period of about — bce is acceptable to most scholars. The hymns formed a liturgical body that in part grew up around the soma ritual and sacrifice and were recited or chanted during rituals. They praised a wide pantheon of gods, some of whom personified natural and cosmic phenomena, such as fire Agni , the Sun Surya and Savitri , dawn Ushas, a goddess , storms the Rudras , and rain Indra , while others represented abstract qualities such as friendship Mitra , moral authority Varuna , kingship Indra , and speech Vach, a goddess.
Sacred formulas known as mantras were recited by the adhvaryu , the priest responsible for the sacrificial fire and for carrying out the ceremony. A few centuries later, perhaps about bce , the Brahmana s were composed as glosses on the Vedas, containing many myths and explanations of rituals. The whole of the literature seems to have been preserved orally although there may have been early manuscripts to assist memory. To this day, several of these works, notably the three oldest Vedas, are recited with subtleties of intonation and rhythm that have been handed down orally from the early days of Vedic religion in India.
Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. Her research and teaching interests revolve around two See Article History.
Questioning the VEDAS NOT WRITTEN myth
The Absent Vedas. Will Sweetman. University of Otago. The Vedas were first described by a European author in a text dating from the. s, which was.
Jump to navigation. Why that date has been fixed upon we shall have to consider hereafter but it is well to say at once that we must not expect the same kind of historical evidence for a date reaching back to B. There are different degrees of certainty and it is the neglect of this inevitable fact which causes so much needless controversy between specialists and outsiders. The date assigned to the poetry of the Veda is and will always remain hypothetical.
To critical scholars it would I believe be a real relief if a later date could be assigned to some portions of that sacred collection. But we can hardly hope for new evidence to enable us to fix Vedic dates. Historical dates require the evidence of contemporary witnesses and it is difficult to say where we should look for witnesses outside of India and contemporary with the Vedic Rishis.
No Foreign Nations mentioned in the Veda. We find no traces in the ancient Vedic literature of India of any contact with foreign nations. It has been supposed by some scholars that the names of the Parthians and Persians or even of the Bactrians were known to the poets of the Veda but the evidence on which they rely is very uncertain 1. The Veda not mentioned by Foreign Nations.
Nor do we find in the annals of other nations any traces of their acquaintance with India before the sixth century B.
SELECTIONS, PASSAGES AND QUOTES FROM THE VEDAS
Great set of articles that you have here!! Keep up the good work! Was wondering if I could carry some of your articles on Drishtikone. I am sure more readers could benefit from your scholarship!
The New Testament of the Bible is about 2,00 years old. Though no one can assign any definite date to the Vedas, Oreintalists are anxious to discover when they.
Considered as the earliest literary records of Sanskrit Literature , the Vedas compiled by Rishi Vyasa are believed to be the oldest holy books in Hinduism Sanatana Dharma. The Vedas are the large body of vast knowledge and text; the religious and spiritual teachings of which encompasses all aspects of life. However, no definite date can be ascribed to the composition of the Vedas as the generational descend of the texts in Vedic periods was by literary oral tradition, which was then a precise and elaborate technique.
The first of the written Vedas date to 1st millennium BCE, though the surviving ones now date only to somewhere in between 11th and 14th century mostly due to the ephemeral nature of the manuscript materials; the birch barks or palm leaves. The tales tell humans did not compose the revered compositions of the Vedas, but the knowledge was discovered by intense meditation and sadhana Yogic practice by ancient sages, who then handed them down through generations by word of mouth. Some schools of thought even assert that the Vedas as of eternal creation, mainly in the Mimasa tradition.
However, the Vedic hymns themselves assert that they were skillfully created by Rishis sages , after inspired creativity. The Rig Veda serves as the principal one and all three but the Arthaveda agree with one another in form, language, and content. Rig Veda, one of the oldest texts of the Indo-Aryan Civilization still extant, is an ancient Indian collection of Vedic hymns.
A collection of 1, hymns and 10, verses in all, organized into ten different Mandalas or the books; Sanskrit , it is the principal and oldest of the four Vedas. The initial written Rig Veda dates back to 1st millennium BCE although the extant ones today date back only to somewhere between 11th and 14th centuries; primarily due to the ephemeral nature of the manuscript materials which were either palm leaves or birch barks. Vedas, before the initial codification of which took place, were generationally handed over by the rich oral literary tradition, which was then a precise and elaborate technique.
The earliest texts of the Rig Veda were composed in the greater Punjab Northwest India and Pakistan , and the more philosophical later texts were most likely composed in or around the region of Haryana Modern-day State of India. The hymns and the verses were written by the Rishis Sages and as the ardent believers of the Sanatana dharma claim the revered Lord himself taught the Vedic hymns to the sages, who then handed them down through generations by word of mouth.